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Health promotion and prevention of risk factors and begaviours are not reserved exclusively to younger age groups. Quite on the contrary, they have at least equal imporatnce in the population of the elederly. It is therfore necessary to familiarize persons of this age segment with those most important risk factors, as well as with recommendations for regular check-ups and screening. This approach can prevent or postone occurence of many chronic diseases and disabilities or delay complications..
Old persons should take responsibility for their own health, and together with health care services contribute to their healthy and succesful ageing. To achieve this goal it is necessary to practice healthy behaviours and have regular check ups of their health status.
Healty ageing means:

EAT HEALTHY

At least 5 meals containing fruit and vegies
Fish - at least once a week
Whole grain food
Nuts
Reduce salt(<6g/dan)

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

It is never too late to start
Consult your doctor
Seek help and support from your friends,
family and professional
Start with light exercise
Practice on a regular basis, at least 30 minutes a day

QUIT SMOKING

ALCOHOL should be reduced to minimum-less than 2 drinks for males and 1 for females)

MAKE SURE TO MAINTAIN YOUR MENTAL HEALTH AND SOCIAL ACTIVITY

socialize with family and friends
join various clubs and associations
read, learn new skills
choose a hobby - it is never too late

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR REGULAR CONTROL OF CHRONIC DISESES AND MEASURES TO REDUCE RISK FACTORS

Maintaining blood pressure within acceptable ranges, <140/90 mmHg,
in diabetes patients and others at higher risk < 130/80 mmHg
Maintaining glucoregulation within acceptable ranges -HbA1c < 6,5%
Lipidogram within acceptable ranges -cholesterol< 5,2mmol/L
Maintaining appropriate body mass, reduce waist circumference to < 102 cm males < 88 cm females

RECCOMENDATION FOR EARLY DETECTION OF RISK FACTORS FOR CHRONIC AND MALIGNANT DISEASES

Body weight - check at least once a year
Blood pressure - check at least once a year
cholesterol levels- to check every 5 years at minimum
immunization - flue once a year; Tetanus-Diphtheria - every 10 years; Pneumococc.vacc. - once at the age of 65.
Early detection of colorectal cancer - stool test (bleeding) every 5 years, colonoscopy at least once in 10 years
Detection of diabetes mellitus - at least once in 3 years
Eye exam - every 1-2 years if needed
Ear exam - every 1-2 years if needed
Breast examination - by a medical doctor, once a year, self-exam once a month, mammography once in 2 years
Gynecological PAP smear- every 1-3 years
Testicles -Part of every routing systematic examination
Prostate cancer- PSA, rectal exam after the age of 50 is compulsory 1 year



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